There is a growing shortage of skilled IT professionals in Germany. The figures of bitkom illustrate this clearly. This is the development of unfilled IT positions over the past years: 40,000 (in 2017) - 80,000 (in 2018) and 124,000 (in 2019).
In fact, the digital transformation of the German economy is an urgent matter. Germany is lagging behind in digitization when compared with many other countries. It is all about the digitalization of business processes. It is about adapting business models to the data economy. This requires managers and digital specialists. In principle, the following options are available:
First of all, the further training of employees; for example, the training of mechanical engineers to become specialists in machine learning. Secondly, the IT nearshoring (e.g. to Poland). Third, IT offshoring (largest IT offshoring destination: India). Or, fourth, the so-called "insourcing": IT specialists are recruited abroad for (long-term) employment in Germany (compare: Blue Card scheme).